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Kathmandu is the capital and largest metropolitan city of Nepal. The city is the urban core of the Kathmandu Valley in the Himalayas, which also contains two sister cities namely Patan or Lalitpur, 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) to its southeast and Bhaktapur, 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) to its east. It is also acronymed as 'KTM'.
The city stands at an elevation of approximately 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) in the bowl-shaped valley in central Nepal surrounded by four major mountains, namely: Shivapuri, Phulchowki, Nagarjun and Chandragiri. It is inhabited by 671,846 (2001) people. The Kathmandu valley with its three districts including Kathmandu District accounts for a population density of only 97 per square kilometres whereas Kathmandu metropolitan city has a density of 13,225 per square kilometres. It is by far the largest urban agglomerate in Nepal, accounting for 20% of the urban population in an area of 5,067 hectares (12,520 acres) (50.67 square kilometres (19.56 sq mi)).
Kathmandu is not only the capital of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal but also the headquarters of the Central Region (Madhyamanchal) among the five development regions constituted by the 14 administrative zones of Nepal located at the central part of the country. The Central region has three zones namely, Bagmati, Narayani and Janakpur. Kathmandu is located in the Bagmati Zone.
Kathmandu, as the gateway to Nepal Tourism, is the nerve centre of the country’s economy. With the most advanced infrastructure among urban areas in Nepal, Kathmandu's economy is tourism centric accounting for 3.8% of the GDP in 1995-96 (had declined since then due to political unrest but has picked up again).
The city’s rich history is nearly 2000 years old, as inferred from an inscription in the valley. Its religious affiliations are dominantly Hindu followed by Buddhism. People of other religious beliefs also live in Kathmandu giving it a cosmopolitan culture. Nepali is the common language of the city, though many speak the Nepal Bhasa Newari as it is the center of the Newar people and culture. English is understood by all of the educated population of the city. The literacy rate is 98% in the city.
Kathmandu is now the premier cultural and economic hub of Nepal and is considered to have the most advanced infrastructure among urban areas in Nepal. From the point of view of tourism, economy and cultural heritage, the sister cities of Patan(lalitpur) and Bhaktapur are integral to Kathmandu.
Deputy Mayor's Secretariat
The Deputy Mayor's Secretariat also handles public relations.
City Planning Commission
The City Planning Commission provides advisory support. It provides guidance in formulation of plans, implementation process for short and long term plans, designed to provide urban services and facilities. It monitors the progress achieved by various departments and projects of KMC.
Executive Officer's Secretariat
The Secretariat is responsible for expedition the implementation of decisions of the Mayor and the board supplying necessary files and supplementary documents. The Executive Officer is assisted by the Assistant Executive Officer.
The Mayor's Secretariat handles public relations. It facilitates to make the Mayor's decision as fast as fast as possible supplying necessary files and supplementary documents.
The metropolis Board consists of the Mayor, Deputy Mayor, 35 ward Chairpersons and two nominated members. The Board meets frequently at least twice a month. Ministry of Local Development deputes a senior official in the KMC as Secretary of the Metropolis Board and Chief Executive officer of the KMC. There are about 2,500 staff members in total at the KMC.
The Metropolis council of the KMC consists of 177 of the elected representatives and 20 nominated members. The council meets twice a year to review process, approve the annual budget and make major policy decisions.